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Brief About King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa:
One of the early kings of Samoa was Tuia’ana Faumuina ma Le Tupufia. He had three children. The sons were named Fonoti and Va’afusuaga, and the daughter was named Samala’ulu. They are Known commonly in traditions of Samoa as ‘The Three of Faumuina’. Each child was by a different mother so that after the death of their father they individually contended for the kingship. This is where the traditional name “Tupufia” started from and was referring to the three children of Tuia’ana Faumuina. Tupufia meant to the rest of the children they all wanted to be King!
Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa and sister Samala’ulu had joined up to opnose the claim of there brother Fonoti to the Kingship. When Fonoti found that his brother and sister had gained many followers he went to Leulumoega where the dispute was being fought and sought the assistance of the High Chiefs and leading orators of other districts. This was the war that Mano’o of Samatau said before the war: if Fonoti runs into the sea, we will dry up the sea, if he runs into heaven, we will rip it open to catch him. As a result he was pursued with great zeal; Chief Veletaloola of Faleata defeated Mano’o. Fonoti then waged war against his kin, “The Paegauo War” for the Papas to proclaim Tafa’ifa Kingship, and was successful and was ultimately proclaimed King Fonoti Tafa’ifa of Samoa. In our traditions this war is known as “the war between Samala’ulu and Fonoti”. “The Paegauo War” or “The War of the Tupufia”. King Fonoti conferred many honours upon those chiefs and Districts that had fought for him and such honours and privileges are honoured by the “Tumua and Pule” down to the present time.
[“Tumua” – Tuia’ana and Tuiatua. “Pule” – Vaetamasoali’i and Gatoaitele.]
The Distribution In The War was about as follows: With Fonoti: Fagaloa, Faleapuna, Falefa, Saluafata, Solosolo, Vaimauga, Faleata, Safata, Falealili, Fasitoouta, Falelatai, Manono, half of Lufilufi and of Leulumoega; On The Side of Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa and Samalaulu were: Aleipata, Luatuanuu, Lepa, Lotofaga, Siumu, Faleula, Sagana, Sale’imoa, Faleasi’u and Samatau, also all of Savai’i island through Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa’s influence.
Itu Malo o le Va’a-o-Fonoti with A District of Its Own, was one of the rewards conferred upon Faleapuna, Safanua and Fagaloa, for the part they had played in the dispute and for contending with Manono, Sapapali’i and Saleaumua in the fighting that took part on the sea. Fonoti also conferred honours on Tofaeono, Aiono, Misa and the privilege of receiving food on Faleata. Fonoti also granted Ulualofaiga complete power over Fagaloa District and in addition he gave Ulualofaiga the village of Amanave in Tutuila. This village is controlled in this manner right down to the present day and the authority as recognised by the American Government. The title Vaa-o-fonoti was also given to Ulualofaiga by Fonoti as a name for his war canoe and this title distinguishes the District down to the present day. It was him Fonoti sought assistance when he defeated Samala’ulu for Kingship of Samoa. There are also many other rewards conferred too numerous to mention. King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa was the only and the last Tafa’ifa King since Queen Salamasina Tafa’ifa in the late 1500’s. And there was no other war ever since or even recorded in history that by anyone raised against King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa to claim the four Papa titles, nor through Fonoti Kingly lineage “the Sa-Fonoti” right to this present time. The following is King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa’s words in his wish: “THE FOUR HIGH TITLES BE FOR ME AND MY CHILDREN”.
NOTE: King Fonoti held all 4 Titles: Tuia’ana – Tuiatua – Vaetamasoali’i – Gatoaitele.
Brief About Hon J.B. Fonoti of Lotofaga Atua:
Political History: The holder of the Paramount Title: Fonoti of Lotofaga. A three times former member of Parliament of the Government of Samoa in the early 1900’s. Hon J.B. Fonoti was the Leader of “The Fono of Faipule” of Samoa from 1939 to 1947. And was also a member of the legislative Assembly from 1948 to 1952 & 1955 to 1957. In 1954 he was a memebr of the Constitutional Convention of the Government of Samoa. And the leader of the MAU for Atua from 1935 to 1942. During his time of leadership for the “Fono of Faipule” of Samoa, he presented the petition with detailed list of remits demanding with a firm request for “Self-Government” in Samoa directly to the Governor-General of New Zealand Sir Cyral Newall and New Zealand Prime Minister Mr. Peter Fraser in 1944.
New Zealand to administered. (Trusteeship Report of the United Nations Mission 1947)
NOTE: The Trusteeship Agreement for Western Samoa was Submitted and Approved by The General Assembly of The United Nations Organisation on the 13th of December in 1946! It’s Details Belong To The History Of “SELF-GOVERNMENT” IN SAMOA.
DEMANDS WERE MADE IN DIRECT BY SAMOAN LEADER HON J.B. FONOTI INCLUDED: THE ASSOCIATION WITH THE ADMINISTRATION OF SAMOA REPRESENTATIVES TO DELIBERATE WITH FONOTI ON ‘ALL GOVERNMENT MATTERS’, – THE APPOINTMENT OF SAMOANS AS HEAD OF THE NATIVE AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT, – AND OF A DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE TO BE ESTABLISHED, – PROMOTION OF SAMOANS THROUGHOUT THE PUBLIC SERVICE TO MORE SENIOR POSTS, – AND FOR THE TRAINING OVERSEAS OF THE ABLEST SAMOAN YOUTHS FOR FURTHER EDUCATION. – FURTHER MORE FOR NEW ZEALAND EXPATRIATE OFFICERS INDIVIDUALS SHOULD NOT NORMALLY BE PERMITTED TO REMAIN IN SAMOA MORE THAN THREE YEARS AND THAT NONE SHOULD BE PERMITTED TO REMAIN MORE THAN SIX. AND MORE.
SEVERAL IMPORTANT, THOUGH UNCOMPLICATED, DECISIONS WERE MADE BY NEW ZEALAND STRAIGHT AWAY. IN PARTICULAR, – A SCHOLARSHIP SCHEME TO INAUGURATED TO ENABLE SOME OF THE ABLEST SAMOAN CHILDREN TO GO TO NEW ZEALAND FOR FURTHER EDUCATION. – AND A NEW APPOINTMENT WAS MADE TO THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATION. – THIS WAS NOT AN EASY POSITION FOR THE NEW ZEALAND GOVERNMENT TO FILL.
THE PETITION BY THE SAMOAN LEADER OF ‘FONO OF FAIPULE’ HON J.B. FONOTI IN 1944, NEW ZEALAND TO REPORT TO THE UNITED NATIONS, AND THE UNITED NATIONS APPROVAL FOR SELF-GOVERNMENT IN SAMOA WAS ISSUED ON 13TH DECEMBER 1946.
To view original copies of related documents, click on: FonotiDocuments
Matupalapala Na Fai E Fonoti Le Tupu. [Honours Conferred By King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa.]
Ina ua tofia Fonoti e fai ma tupu, ona soloa’i ane lea i ai o le ie fa’atupu lenei o le Pepeve’a, Ma ua fa’ae’e iai Papa e Fa! o le Tuiatua, Tuia’ana, Gatoaitele ma le Vaetamasoali’i. Ua Tupu Tafa’ifa nei Fonoti: Ona tupu lea o le taua i le va o Fonoti ma ona uso taufeagai o Tole’afoa Va’afusuaga ma le tuafafine o Samalae’ulu ona o lenei lava ietoga o le Pepeve’a ma Papa e Fa! Mo le Tupu Tafa’ifa o Samoa.
Ina ua malo Fonoti i le taua ma fa’amaonia lona tupu, Ua Tupu Tafa’ifa nei Fonoti. Ona to atu ai lea o Matupalapala nei o nu’u ma itumalo sa fesoasoani malosi i lana itu’au, ma isi tele o Matupalapala ua le mai taulia.
“Ua maua le fa’alupega fou o Falefa, O le a’ai a le tupu, po’o le a’ai a Fonoti.”
“Ua maua le fa’alupega fou o Fagaloa, O le Va’a o Fonoti.”
“Ua maua le fa’alupega o Molio’o ma Faleapuna, O le To’oolefua.”
“Ua maua le fa’alupega fou o Tofaeono. O le faleagafulu i ai o Leulumoega, ae falefitu i ai Lufilufi.”
TOFIGA LE MALO O LE TUPU TAFA’IFA O FONOTI:
TE’O, O oe o le anava o taua, ma lou manu Samoa.
FIA’AITAGATA, O au suafa ia o Fatialofa, ma Auelua. O le a fai i la’ua ma tulauniu o Atua, Punefu o Atua, To’oto’o o le Tuiatua.
MATA’UTIA, O le Va’a o Fonoti, O le malu o Ma’auga- Leulumoega, ma Lalogafu’afu’a, Lufilufi. Fea, o le Va’a o Fonoti, O fea fo’i e fa’aopea ia Atua le Fauono.
MOLIO’O, O oe o le Va’a o Fonoti, O oe o le to’o o le fua.
LEUTELE, (Falefa) O oe o le a’ai o le Tupu o Fonoti. Falefa (District), Sanone, Gagaemalae, Saleapaga, Sagapolu, Falevao, Sauago, Saletele, Uafato.
TOFAEONO, E ono pou o Lufilufi, fitu ia te oe. E iva pou o Leulumoega, sefulu ia te oe. E fitu pou o le Malietoa, valu ia te oe. E tolu pou o Satunumafono, fa ia te oe.
E fa’apena fo’i matupalapala na fai e Samalae’ulu i tagata sa i lana itu’au.
“Ua maua le fa’alupega fou o Alipia. O le matua na togi.”
“Ua maua le fa’alupega fou o Tanuvasa. O le itulua i ai o A’ana.”
O le matupalapala la, e le avea i so’o se tagata tautua, po’o se totino o le aiga, a o le taui mo se tautua maoa’e a se tagata ese. E ui la ina tu’uina atu se matupalapala i se tagata ese, ae iai pea i lalo o le fa’amalumaluga a le tupu ma aiga e ona le matupalapala.