The New All Samoa Fa’alupega Changed in 1912

According to the history book: ‘The Making Of Modern Samoa’ by Malama Meleisea.

In 1912, One of the changes, the German administration had apparently achieved its long-term objectives of understanding the traditional forces in Samoa politics, while maintaining a semblance of local participation in government. There was no more TUPU, nor even ALI’I SILI, but the two Fautua were appointed. Tumua and Pule were for a time silenced, all decisions on matters affecting lands and titles were under the control of the Governor. To complete the process, the Fa’alupega for all Samoa was revised. The Fa’alupega which had been nationally accepted from at least the late 19th century (and probably for much longer than that) was as follows:

“Tulouna a Tumua ma Pule,
Tulouna a Itu’au ma Alataua,
Tulouna a Aiga-i-le-Tai,
Ma le Va’a-o-Fonoti,
Tulouna a Tama ma a latou aiga
Po’o aiga ma a latou tama.”

This Fa’alupega firstly recognized the authority and identity of principal districts of Samoa through their spokesmen – Tumua ma Pule, Itu’au ma Alataua, Aiga I le Tai, ma le Va’a o Fonoti – and the highest titles which were bestowed by these groups. It concludes with the recognition of the great maximal descent groups of Samoa and their “sons” who had been chosen to hold the highest titles. 

The new Fa’alupega of German Samoa apparently required for Malietoa Tanunafili and Tupua Tamasese to be sworn on oath and to change this Samoa’s historical Fa’alupega to the new fa’alupega as follows:

“Tulouna a lana Maiesitete le Kaisa o le tupu mamalu o lo tatou malo kasialika aoao.
Tulouna a lana afioga le kovana kasialika o le sui o le kaisa I Samoa nei.
Susu mai Malietoa, Afio mai Tupua
Ua fa’amanatuiana ai aiga e lua I o oulua tofiga Kasialika o le Fautua.
Tulouna a le vasega a Faipule Kasialika o e lagolago malosi I le Malo.
Afifio mai le nofo a vasega o tofiga Kasialika o e usu fita I le tautua I le malo.”

“Aiga e lua” referring here to the two fautuas Malietoa and Tupua is a classic example of the changes to the original Samoa that got carried through by New Zealand period of ruling Samoa right down to this present time.

“Aiga e Lua o Samoa” (the Main Two Families of Samoa) : Le Aiga Pa’ia o Sa-Levalasi Lotofaga Atua, ma le aiga fa’alagilagi Le Aiga Sa-Tuala.

This mavaega had already been pronounced by Queen Tupu Tafa’ifa Salamasina of the two families, Le Aiga Sa-Levalasi and Le Aiga Sa-Tuala, and their royal mats are called ‘Pulu’ and ‘Leuleu’.

IT IS OBVIOUS THAT THIS WILL BE WHERE THE CHANGES MADE TO THE ORIGINAL SAMOA FOR THERE OWN BENEFIT OF THE GERMAN GOVERNOR AND THE TWO FAUTUAS! AND ONE THING GOT CHANGED BACK TO ITS ORIGINAL WAS THE ‘ALL OF SAMOA FA’ALUPEGA’, BUT THE REST MAY LIES IN WHAT HAS BEEN WRITTEN AND GIVEN AS SAMOA’S HISTORY TO WHAT IT IS THERE TODAY. WOULD BE THE REASON ALSO WHY THERE ARE MANY CASES ON DIFFERENT VERSIONS TO AN EVENT FROM THE HISTORY OF SAMOA.

O Le Mavaega A Tamasese

O Tamasese, na tafa fo’i, sa faia o lona mavaega i Mulinuu i Lufilufi. Ua fai atu o lona afioga, ia potopoto Aloalii ma Tumua ma lona atalii o le Alofi. Ona potopoto mai lea.

Na fai atu ai lea o lona afioga ia Aloalii ma Tumua, ma le Alofi lona atalii; fa’alogo mai ia; le feagaiga lenei sa au faia i le va a le Malotetele Siamani ma Tumua, ia e outou alofa, ia outou tausi lelei i ai. Ia outou alofa i le Malo Siamani pei o lona alofa mai ia te a’u. Aua ne’i outou savali i se isi ala. Ia outou savali tonu le ala na’u fa’asino atu, ona fa’amamalu mai o lona afioga o le Kaisa Siamani ia te a’u.

Ia tu mau pea o le fealofani i le va a outou, Tumua ma Aloalii, ma le Malo Siamani. Ia tu mau e outou usiusita’i lelei i le finagalo le Kaisa Siamani ia o’o lava i outou fanau. Ia faapea fo’i e outou aiga, aiga Savaii, aiga Upolu ia outou fa’alogo lelei fo’i i le feagaiga ua osia. Ua lalata aso, ona iai i vaivai. Ia outou faia pei sa au faia. Le Alofi, Tamasese lea.

Tamasese ua fa’afeagai ma Tumua ma Aloalii. Ia tausi lelei fo’i o le feagaiga ma Siamani. Ia usiusita’i i ai, o’o i ai se mea finagalo i ai o le Malo Siamani, o’o i se faigata, fa’apea fo’i i se mea faigofie, ia e outou tali o lena mea uma. Ia outou fealofani pei ona po nei.

Tumua e ma Aloalii! Afai ua agaleaga Malietoa i Tumua, ia agaleagaina iai fo’i fa’atasi ma Aloalii. Aua ne’i sese se tasi. Ia outou liliu fa’atasi! Faitalia e le Atua, pe alofagia e outou i le Malotetele Siamani.

PICTURE OF THE GERMAN GOVERNOR IN SAMOA

project777

~ by Christian Brown on August 5, 2008.

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