Mafua’aga O Le Maua E Nafanua O Papa E Fa O Tumua.
MOVING OF NAFANUA’S HOUSE TO FILI-MA-PULETU’U
NAFANUA welcomed the Malaga from A’ana and said she would help them if they moved her house to FILI-MA-PULETU’U at Falealupo. Moving of the house is remembered in the names of important titles of Leulumoega:
LEPOU: named after the post in Nafanua’s house.
LEFAU: named after the roof arch.
LAUVAO, AGILAU and LE’ULI were mentioned in this occasion.
Nafanua fought a war in western Savai’i which is called A’EA I SASA’E MA LE A’EA I SISIFO (Conquest of the hills to the East and to the West). After Nafanua had conquered her enemies, she had control over all political authority in Samoa, and she gave the Malo (the authority of conquerors) to the district of A’ana and its allies. When Malietoa came from his village of Sapapali’i in Savai’i to ask her for a share of the Malo, Nafanua told him that he would have to wait for his turn, and that it would eventually come from heaven.
O LE MAFUA’AGA O LE MAUA E NAFANUA O PAPA E FA O TUMUA. TAMALELAGI, SO’OAEMALELAGI MA SALAMASINA.
The Tuia’ana Title:
Ua tau fai fa’aee le Papa o le Tuia’ana ia Tuia’ana Saga’ate ma Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi. Sa le fiafia Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi ma lana itu i le ave pea o mea lelei aemaise o mea taumafa ia Tuia’ana Saga’ate ae le avatua ia te ia. Ona latou manatu ai lea i se fofo o le a fa’aletonu, se’ia vagana o se taua e faia ai. O le na tago’au ai loa Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi ia Nafanua mo lana fesoasoani. Ona si’i mai fo’i lea o le auva’a tau o le Malo o Nafanua ma lo latou ta’ita’iau o Tupa’i le Vaililigi. Na latou taunu’u i A’ana ona tau loa lea o le taua ma sa malo ai Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi. Sa fa’apea atu loa Tupa’i le Vaililigi ia Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi, o le poloa’iga a Nafanua, afai e malo i tatou, aua ne’i sunu’ia ina le alafale i Leulumoega, au’a o lo’o afio ai le tatou gafa o ‘Levalasi’ o Faletoi, o So’oaemalelagi lava lea, a ia avatu le Papa o le Tuia’ana ia te ia. Sa fa’apea loa ona fai, Na le sunu’i ina le Tupa’i i Leulumoega ona o lo’o afio ai So’oaemalelagi, ae ave Papa o le Tuia’ana ia Nafanua.
The Tuiatua Title:
Sa tau fai suafa ia Tuiatua Foganiu’ula ma Tuiatua Foganiutea i Papa o le Tuiatua. Ona tau ai lea o le taua, faiaina Tuiatua Foganiutea. Ona tagi lea o Tuiatua Foganiutea ia Nafanua i Savaii mo se fesoasoani mo lana itu taua faiaina. Ona si’i mai loa lea o le au tau o le Malo o Nafanua, o le auva’a tau lea ma lona ta’ita’iau o Tupa’i le Vaililigi. Ua taunu’u le autau a Nafanua ma tau loa le taua ma sa faiaina ai ia Tuiatua Foganiu’ula. Ona fai atu lea o Tupa’i le Vaililigi, o le poloa’iga a Nafanua, a fai e malo i tatou i le gasegase o Malo, ona sunu’i lea o le alafale i Lufilufi o le Tupa’i lena, ae avatu le Papa o le Tuiatua ia te ia e pule ai. Ona fa’apea lea ona fai. Ua sunu’i loa le Tupa’i i Lufilufi e fai ma pine o le galuega tau ae ave le Papa o le Tuiatua ia Nafanua.
The Gatoaitele Title:
Ona alu lea o le feau a Gatoaitele e au mai ni au, e taua le taua i Malie. Ona fai mai lea o le tali a Tupa’i le Vaililigi; Out e le alu atu, se’i muamua ona logo o Nafanua i Salafai. Ona o ai lea i Savai’i. Ona fai atu lea o Tupa’i le Vaililigi ia Nafanua. Tali Nafanua: O, in’a tau le taua, o upu ua uma na faia ma Gatoaitele. Ae a fai e malo la tatou itutaua, tutu’i le alafale i Tanumafili e nofo ai Tupa’i e talia le tanoa a Tuisamau. Ae tuvaofono Tuisamau i Malie, ae aua ne’i tuvao se fono e Auimatagi. Ona tau lea o le taua; ua to’ilalo Malietoa Falefatu ma Auimatagi, ae malo Gatoaitele ma Tuisamau. Ua avea fo’i le Gatoaitele e nafanua i Savai’i, a ua na o lona malo o savali i le Tuamasaga.
The Vaetamasoali’i Title:
Sa finau fo’i le Alataua ma Sa-Tunumafono i Safata ona o le Papa o le Vaetamasoali’i. Sa tau le taua ma manu malo ai le Alataua. Ona tagi ai lea o Satunumafono ia Nafanua mo sana fesoasoani i lana itu taua faiaina. O lena na si’i mai ai fo’i le auva’a tau a Nafanua ma le ta’ita’iau o Tupa’i le Vaililigi. Sa sunu’i i Safata i le tau loa o le taua ma manu malo ai Satunumafono. Na fa’apea atu lea o Tupa’i le Vaililigi ia Satunumafono, o le poloa’iga a Nafanua, afai e malo i tatou ona sunu’i lea o le alafale o le Tupa’i lea i “Si’ulepa ma Togamau” e fai ma pine o le galuega, ae avatu le Papa o le Vaetamasoali’i ia Nafanua. Sa fa’apea fo’i lava ona fai.
E tasi lava le vaitaimi na tutupu ai nei taua e fa e ta’u o taua o Papa. E tasi fo’i le fa’aiuga mo Papa e fa e ave uma e pule ai Nafanua. O le ala lea na avea ai Papa e fa o Tumua, Tuiatua, Tuia’ana, Gatoaitele, Vaetamasoali’i ma measina a Nafanua. O manatu sa fa’aalia e fa’apea, e leai se taua na faia i Safata au’a o le nu’u lea o Tupa’i le Vaililigi ma lona tuafafine o Levalasi po’o So’oaemalelagi le i Leulumoega.
Nafanua Honours So’oaemalelagi The Four Titles, And To Salamasina:
Sa afio le So’oaemalelagi Levalasi i Leulumoega ina o tu le Malo ia Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi au’a e aiga, e uso o la tina. Na pa’u le susuga a Nafanua i le Falefa o le Tapuaiga i Falealupo e fa’apea, “O mai ina Malaga e fa’aee Papa e fa ia So’oaemalelagi o lo’o afio i Leulumoega le afioaga o Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi”. Sa taunu’u le Falefa o le Tapuaiga i Leulumoega ma fa’aalia loa ia So’oaemalelagi le finagalo o Nafanua. Ona fa’apea lea o le aioi a So’oaemalelagi, “fa’afetai i le susuga pa’u mai le fofoga a Nafanua”. Ae fa’apenei, ia outou alolofa ina ia fa’aee ia Papa e fa ua outou aumaia mo a’u, i la’u tama fai pele o le Salamasina, o le alo o le Tuia’ana Tamaalelagi, ae tu’u ai pea a’u ua ou matua. Ona fa’apea loa lea ona fai e le Falefa o le Tapuaiga. O le Ulua’i Tupu Tafa’ifa lea o Samoa i na ona po.
Su’ega Malo A Le Malietoa Ia Nafanua:
Ona Malaga loa lea o le Malietoa i Falealupo e su’e malo ia Nafanua. Sa taunu’u le Malietoa i Falealupo a ua te’a mai Leulumoega ma A’ana ma le Ao o Malo. Ua la feiloa’i ma Nafanua, ona fa’apea lea o le tama’ita’i, ‘Malietoa e, ua e afio mai ua te’a atu le Ao o le Malo ia Tumua, o Leulumoega lea, ua toe lava o le i’u o Malo lenei e totoe’. O lea ia e tofa mamao ma ave mo lau afioga le i’u o malo, ae “tatali i lagi se Ao o lou Malo”. E le gata i lea, o lau Susuga lenei Malietoa, o le a to’ina atu, e fai ma pine o le ta mavaega. Ona fo’i mai loa lea o le Malietoa ma le ‘Susuga’ mai ia Nafanua, lea o lo’o fa’alagi ai Malietoa e o’o mai i le taimi nei.
STORY OF TAMALELAGI, SO’OAEMALELAGI, SALAMASINA AND NAFANUA’S VICTORY OF THE FOUR PAPA TITLES.
The Tuia’ana Title:
There were two Tuia’ana in Leulumoega. But what they used to do in those days in Leulumoega was to take good victuals to Saga’ate, meanwhile they brought bad ones to Tamalelagi. So Tamalelagi said to So’oaemalelagi: Go to Savai’i to Tausunu and Tauasotasi, say to Nafanua to feel pity for our distress; good food is taken only to Saga’ate, while they bring us two only bad things. So So’oa’emalelagi went to Savai’i. Nafanua answered: Come and go, and in five days will start a war. Do it! If the war ends well, establish the government, give me the title but let no Tupa’i live there, for you are the ruler.
And so Tamalelagi’s warrior troops came. The battle raged, Saga’ate was defeated and the rulership remained with Tamalelagi. And there was no one to deliberate about the calling out of the title other than Alipia and Suluga who make such decisions. However that title was removed by Nafanua, and Tamalelagi remained behind. He had no title, only his sovereignty as he went about in all of A’ana.
The Tuiatua Title:
Then a message came also from Tuiatua Foganiutea. Would Tupa’i come; that war was raging between the two of them, him and Tuiatua Fogaolo’ula. Tupa’i again answered: I will first go and talk with Nafanua about Tuiatua Foganiutea’s complaints. So Nafanua spoke: Go and start a war. But if you win, set up the government in Pulema’ava, and Tupa’i is to stay there to make it the sanctified seat of the Tuiatua. Here also war broke out. Tuiatua Foganiutea was victorious while Tuiatua Fogaolo’ula was defeated. Here, too, the title Tuiatua was taken by Nafanua.
The Gatoaitele Title:
Then news came from Gatoaitele to bring support troops, that war was raging against Malie. But Tupa’i answered: I will not until i have heard Nafanua in Salafai. And so they went to Savaii, and Tupa’i spoke to Nafanua. Nafanua answered: Go, fight a war, I discussed the matter long ago with Gatoaitele. If our side wins, set up the government in Tanumafili, and Tupa’i is to stay there to give answers to Tuisamau’s speeches. Let Tuisamau speak first in Malie, while no fono is to be opened by Auimatagi. And so the battle raged; Malietoa Falefatu and Auimatagi were defeated while Gatoaitele and Tuisamau were the victors. The title Gatoaitele was also taken to Savai’i by Nafanua, while only the victors paraded around in Tuamasaga.
The Vaetamasoali’i Title:
Then came the cry from Satunumafono to Tupa’i for him to bring help in the war between them and Alataua. Also here Tupa’i said: First I have to hear Nafanua if she wants this or not. So Tupa’i went to Savai’i and reported to Nafanua Satunumafono’s complaints and pain. Then Nafanua said: Go, let war rage; if you are victorious, set up the government in Niusuatialemanu, and Tupa’i is to stay there and watch over the government and see to it that Satunumafono conducts itself properly. And so the battle raged, Alataua was defeated while Satunumafono erected its government. Then they took the title Tamasoali’i to Nafanua in Savai’i and the victors of the Satunumafono went around in Alataua. To these victors went Imoa in order to maintain a counter balance for Alataua. That is why here the people spoke first of Imoa the pitolua o Satunumafono.
Nafanua Honours So’oaemalelagi The Four Titles:
The Titles of the Tumua places were assembled in Fili and Puletu’u on Savai’i. One day Nafanua said to Tupa’i: Go and take the Titles to So’oaemalelagi in Leulumoega so that my word be fulfilled which I spoke to establish the government in Leulumoega by the name of I’u mai Papa (the return of the Titles) because the Titles went forth from it to Leulumoega. Tupa’i answered as follows: Good, I will visit the lady, what her will may be. And he put away in the house his gear used for hunting pigeons which he had just done in Safe’e.
Only then did he speak his words. And so Tupa’i went to visit So’oa’emalelagi in Leulumoega. And Tupa’i said to So’oaemalelagi: Take the girl (Salamasina) far away from you. Don’t let her get near you because we are about to sanctify you, as Nafanua commands. Then the lady spoke: Where shall I take my child? I am filled with a great love for my child. So Tupa’i returned to Savai’i. And so he went again to Safe’e to catch pigeons. Again the catching was brought to an end and the gear put away. And Tupa’i and Auva’a went with the titles to Leulumoega and to So’oa’emalelagi.
So’oaemalelagi Given The Titles To Her Adopted Daughter Salamasina To Be Queen:
The following spoke Tupa’i and Auva’a: Take the child, that crawls around on your back away; we want to sanctify you. But the following were So’oa’emalelagi’s words: Where shall I take my child? My soul feels a great love for my child. Then Tupa’i spoke: Do you wish that we bestow the great titles on your child? The woman answered: I wish this very much because my love for the child is very great. So then they gave the titles to Leulumoega to take them down to Salamasina. And so Salamasina received four titles and became the first Queen Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa.
Malietoa Looking For A Share Of Nafanua’s Government:
When Malietoa arrived at Falealupo to ask for a share of the government, Nafanua apologised that the “Head” of the government had been given to Leulumoega and only a “Tail” was left. Nafanua urged Malietoa Fitisemanu apparently to accept it and “to wait for a Head to come from the heavens”. Malietoa accepted it. (Malietoa Tanumafili (ii) was the Head of State of Western Samoa, and this is also believed by some that was to fulfil Nafanua’s prophecy)
ABOUT TUPU TAFA’IFA OF SAMOA
Queen Salamasina the first person to posses all four titles: Tui-A’ana, Tui-Atua, Gatoaitele, and Vaetamasoalii, up to our days this is called ‘Tafa’ifa’. Each title chiefs namely has two supporters who on festive occasions sit to the right and left of the Tupu Tafa’ifa. These supporters are called tafa’i or tu’itu’i. As with all other offices in Samoa, these too are privileges of certain families and are associated with bearers of that family name. For the Tui-A’ana title they are the chiefs Umaga and Pasese; for the Tui-Atua title, Tupa’i and Ta’inau; for the title Gatoaitele, the two paramount orators Fata and Maulolo; and for the title Vaetamasoalii lastly the two orators Fuga and Mauava of Safata. At the Tafa’ifa all four seats of government distribute themselves alongside the King; in general Leulumoega and Lufilufi sit to the left, Afega and Safata to the right.
This symbol of the real Samoan Kingdom has been retained until today since the days of its establishment by warrior Goddess Nafanua and Tupa’i Vaililigi of Tonumaipe’a line, which may have been taken place around 1500. Usually A’ana led out in the conferring of his title, followed by Atua, then Afega and Safata. Queen Salamasina the first Tupu Tafa’ifa, was succeeded in a direct line of descent by a series of Tui-A’ana, then each bearing four titles, deserve special mentioned of King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa, the total recognition of his Kingship was preceded by winning a violent battle amongst his kin Samala’ulu and Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa (the three children of Tui-A’ana Faumuina le Tupufia by different mothers) that involved the whole of Samoa which furnished King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa as sat upon his throne, opportunities to bestow marks of distinction. Thus King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa conferred upon chiefs and the village communities Faleapuna and Fagaloa the right to call themselves “Va’a o Fonoti” (Fonoti’s ship: as stated in All Samoa Fa’alupega) since they had fought for him very courageously in the battle for sovereignty, a distinction which has been retained to this day. It was the mark of distinction of his real Kingdom that King Fonoti Tupu Tafa’ifa was able to issue such decrees and appointments (tofigas) which were looked upon as dogmas.
The Following All Samoa Fa’alupega from Two Occasions: (1.) TUMUA MA PULE; from the four wars by warrior Goddess Nafanua for the titles, and Tupa’i Vaililigi bestowed the four titles to Salamasina. (2.) AIGA I LE TAI, VA’A O FONOTI, and ITU’AU MA ALATAUA; from the war for the four titles of Tui-A’ana Faumuina’s Tupufia his three children; Fonoti, Samala’ulu and Va’afusuaga Tole’afoa. All of Samoa involved in this war, Fonoti won and was bestowed the four titles; by Samoan Customs. (the four titles: Tui-Atua, Tui-A’ana, Gatoaitele, and Vaetamasoali’i; as Tupu Tafa’ifa of Samoa).